Apuleia Leicarpa

Garapa is a very easy-to-work-with timber considering its density as a South American hardwood. It is a durable and stable timber.

Garapa has a distinct golden yellow brown colour, which has a reflective streak within – often resembling the same as that of a cat’s-eye gemstone. The colour often naturally weathers to a grey tone with age. The grain is usually straight but can tend to be interlocking with a consistent medium texture.

Product Specifications


South America

Tree Size:

20 – 30m

Trunk Diameter:

1 000 – 1 500mm

Average Dried Weight:

820 kg/m3

Common Lengths:

1,8 – 4.8m (300mm intervals)

Common Dimensions:

19 x 90mm

21 x 140mm

Joist Spacing:

400mm CTC

400mm CTC

Garapa is arguably one of the best decking timbers on the South African market and much loved by decking contractors. It is often overlooked by clients because of its yellow appearance, however over time – like many of its counterparts – it will turn grey if left to weather.

Our Timber Range

Our Full Product Range

Our Gallery


Timber Comparisons

Timber is an organic product, as such, many people don’t realise that timber performance can be measured and averaged. These numbers are well documented and accessible to the consumer. They can tell you all you need to know about what to expect from a particular timber. We believe your choices should be based on fact and not perception or “hear say”. To make it easier to decipher these numbers, we have placed a table below that compares the various hardwood decking timbers On The Deck supplies. We then decipher what each analysis effectively means to your particular project.

  Pine Massaranduba Red Balau Garapa Rhodesian Teak Saligna Cumaru
Janka Hardness (lbs) 710 3 130 1 600 1 650 2 990 1 260 3 540
Dry Weight (kg/m3) 515 1 080 850 820 890 640 1 085
Modulus of Rupture (MPA) 79.2 192.2 122.3 127.8 84.3 107.8 175.1
Elastic Modulus (GPA) 10.06 23.06 16.95 15.57 8.48 14.15 22.3
Shrinkage Radial (%) 3.4 6.7 5.5 4.2 2.6 5.9 5.3
Shrinkage Tangential (%) 6.7 9.4 10.1 7.5 4.5 10.1 7.7
Shrinkage Volumetric (%) 10.7 16.8 15.7 11.4 6.9 15.5 12.6
T/R Ratio 2 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5
Durability Class Rating Class 3* Class 1* Class 2* Class 1* Class 2* Class 3* Class 1*

* Class 1 = Highly Durable | Class 2 = Durable | Class 3 = Moderately Durable

Timber being a natural and organic material means that each and every species is different and has unique properties which makes them suitable for a range of different applications and uses. We have simplified the main properties that are measured and put it into an easy to read and simplified version so that the numbers relate back to how the timbers perform.


Garapa Properties

Janka Hardness

It scores fairly well in this department although it is nowhere close to as dense as Massaranduba or Cumaru.

Dry Weight

It is quite a dense timber coming in at very similar weight to timbers such as Rhodesian Teak.

Modulus of Rupture

A very respectable figure for decking. It is not easily broken but again does not have the structural strength that you would expect from Cumaru or Massaranduba.

Elastic Modulus

This timber will not easily distort. It is known for its stability in our market and if your frame is built correctly, you should have no issues with boards twisting or bending our of shape.

Shrinkage and T/R Ratio

Although officially considered to be of “average” stability, the timber is well known for performing well in a variety of environments from the coast to the Lowveld.


Garapa In Application

Subscribe to Our Mailing List

Want to be kept in the know? Enter your details below and we will send you periodic emails about new products, specials and promotions and any exciting news we may have.

We hate spam as much as you do.
We promise to never send you more than two emails a month.

Subscribe to Our Mailing List!